While Cornwall Iron Furnace is closed to the public because of COVID-19, its mid-19th century steam engine is getting some much-needed work done on it.

Brian Howard, of B.R. Howard Conservation, Carlisle, is supervising the project, which began Aug. 20 and should be completed by the end of September.

The last time the engine was touched was in the 1970s, when it was modified to run with an electric motor, Cornwall site administrator Mike Emery told LebTown via email.

He said Howard has also conserved Hay Creek Forge, part of the furnace’s permanent exhibit, and done numerous projects for other Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission sites.

The furnace was originally built in 1742 by Peter Grubb, who named the area Cornwall after the region in England from which his father emigrated, according to cornwallironfurnace.org.

Its next owners, the Coleman family, undertook extensive renovations in the mid-1850s before the furnace closed in February 1883.

The website calls Cornwall “a unique survivor of the early American iron industry.”

Robert Vogel, of the Smithsonian Institution, labeled it a site of “transcendent significance,” noting, “with the exception of a mere handful of similar preservations in Sweden and Germany – and possibly a few in Eastern Europe – I doubt that anywhere in the world is there a 19th century iron furnace complex with the degree of historical integrity to be found at Cornwall.”

The furnace is part of a National Historic Landmark District and is designated a National Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Emery wrote in his email that the current engine was previously thought to date from 1841. But more recent scholarship examined the blast books “and there is a reference that on Feb. 16, 1859, the blast was ‘stopped 2 hours to attach new engine.’ ”

He said it’s not surprising that the engine – which supplied air to raise the furnace temperature to melt iron ore, with charcoal as fuel – would wear out after being operational 24 hours a day, seven days a week, for about 10 months of the year.

A furnace guidebook described how the steam engine, “on its original housing, received a head of steam from the boilers behind the charging hole and powered the blast apparatus. A condenser retrieved and condensed the exhaust, which was then pumped back to the boilers, thus completing the circuit.”

“From this location, a worker could monitor each part of the blast equipment, including the wheel, piston and engine. If the blast equipment shut down for any reason, the charcoal would not burn hot enough to melt the rocks, a recipe for disaster … .”


Questions about this story? Suggestions for a future LebTown article? Reach our newsroom using the contact form below and we’ll do our best to get back to you.

We'll keep following up thanks to the support of our members.

We’re here to help make Lebanon County a better place.

LebTown is an independent media organization that provides timely, accurate, and comprehensive journalism intended to help people navigate their daily lives and promote the general well-being of Lebanon County.

Journalists are today a diminishing presence at the local level across the country, and the single most important metric for LebTown long-term will be the number of journalists we employ to cover Lebanon County.

You’re already supporting LebTown as a member. If you’re able, please consider making an extra one-time contribution this year.

Questions about this story? Suggestions for a future LebTown article? Reach our newsroom using the contact form below and we’ll do our best to get back to you.

#gform_wrapper_22[data-form-index=”0″].gform-theme,[data-parent-form=”22_0″]{–gf-color-primary: #204ce5;–gf-color-primary-rgb: 32, 76, 229;–gf-color-primary-contrast: #fff;–gf-color-primary-contrast-rgb: 255, 255, 255;–gf-color-primary-darker: #001AB3;–gf-color-primary-lighter: #527EFF;–gf-color-secondary: #fff;–gf-color-secondary-rgb: 255, 255, 255;–gf-color-secondary-contrast: #112337;–gf-color-secondary-contrast-rgb: 17, 35, 55;–gf-color-secondary-darker: #F5F5F5;–gf-color-secondary-lighter: #FFFFFF;–gf-color-out-ctrl-light: rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.1);–gf-color-out-ctrl-light-rgb: 17, 35, 55;–gf-color-out-ctrl-light-darker: rgba(104, 110, 119, 0.35);–gf-color-out-ctrl-light-lighter: #F5F5F5;–gf-color-out-ctrl-dark: #585e6a;–gf-color-out-ctrl-dark-rgb: 88, 94, 106;–gf-color-out-ctrl-dark-darker: #112337;–gf-color-out-ctrl-dark-lighter: rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.65);–gf-color-in-ctrl: #fff;–gf-color-in-ctrl-rgb: 255, 255, 255;–gf-color-in-ctrl-contrast: #112337;–gf-color-in-ctrl-contrast-rgb: 17, 35, 55;–gf-color-in-ctrl-darker: #F5F5F5;–gf-color-in-ctrl-lighter: #FFFFFF;–gf-color-in-ctrl-primary: #204ce5;–gf-color-in-ctrl-primary-rgb: 32, 76, 229;–gf-color-in-ctrl-primary-contrast: #fff;–gf-color-in-ctrl-primary-contrast-rgb: 255, 255, 255;–gf-color-in-ctrl-primary-darker: #001AB3;–gf-color-in-ctrl-primary-lighter: #527EFF;–gf-color-in-ctrl-light: rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.1);–gf-color-in-ctrl-light-rgb: 17, 35, 55;–gf-color-in-ctrl-light-darker: rgba(104, 110, 119, 0.35);–gf-color-in-ctrl-light-lighter: #F5F5F5;–gf-color-in-ctrl-dark: #585e6a;–gf-color-in-ctrl-dark-rgb: 88, 94, 106;–gf-color-in-ctrl-dark-darker: #112337;–gf-color-in-ctrl-dark-lighter: rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.65);–gf-radius: 3px;–gf-font-size-secondary: 14px;–gf-font-size-tertiary: 13px;–gf-icon-ctrl-number: url(“data:image/svg+xml,%3Csvg width=’8′ height=’14’ viewBox=’0 0 8 14′ fill=’none’ xmlns=’http://www.w3.org/2000/svg’%3E%3Cpath fill-rule=’evenodd’ clip-rule=’evenodd’ d=’M4 0C4.26522 5.96046e-08 4.51957 0.105357 4.70711 0.292893L7.70711 3.29289C8.09763 3.68342 8.09763 4.31658 7.70711 4.70711C7.31658 5.09763 6.68342 5.09763 6.29289 4.70711L4 2.41421L1.70711 4.70711C1.31658 5.09763 0.683417 5.09763 0.292893 4.70711C-0.0976311 4.31658 -0.097631 3.68342 0.292893 3.29289L3.29289 0.292893C3.48043 0.105357 3.73478 0 4 0ZM0.292893 9.29289C0.683417 8.90237 1.31658 8.90237 1.70711 9.29289L4 11.5858L6.29289 9.29289C6.68342 8.90237 7.31658 8.90237 7.70711 9.29289C8.09763 9.68342 8.09763 10.3166 7.70711 10.7071L4.70711 13.7071C4.31658 14.0976 3.68342 14.0976 3.29289 13.7071L0.292893 10.7071C-0.0976311 10.3166 -0.0976311 9.68342 0.292893 9.29289Z’ fill=’rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.65)’/%3E%3C/svg%3E”);–gf-icon-ctrl-select: url(“data:image/svg+xml,%3Csvg width=’10’ height=’6′ viewBox=’0 0 10 6′ fill=’none’ xmlns=’http://www.w3.org/2000/svg’%3E%3Cpath fill-rule=’evenodd’ clip-rule=’evenodd’ d=’M0.292893 0.292893C0.683417 -0.097631 1.31658 -0.097631 1.70711 0.292893L5 3.58579L8.29289 0.292893C8.68342 -0.0976311 9.31658 -0.0976311 9.70711 0.292893C10.0976 0.683417 10.0976 1.31658 9.70711 1.70711L5.70711 5.70711C5.31658 6.09763 4.68342 6.09763 4.29289 5.70711L0.292893 1.70711C-0.0976311 1.31658 -0.0976311 0.683418 0.292893 0.292893Z’ fill=’rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.65)’/%3E%3C/svg%3E”);–gf-icon-ctrl-search: url(“data:image/svg+xml,%3Csvg version=’1.1′ xmlns=’http://www.w3.org/2000/svg’ width=’640′ height=’640’%3E%3Cpath d=’M256 128c-70.692 0-128 57.308-128 128 0 70.691 57.308 128 128 128 70.691 0 128-57.309 128-128 0-70.692-57.309-128-128-128zM64 256c0-106.039 85.961-192 192-192s192 85.961 192 192c0 41.466-13.146 79.863-35.498 111.248l154.125 154.125c12.496 12.496 12.496 32.758 0 45.254s-32.758 12.496-45.254 0L367.248 412.502C335.862 434.854 297.467 448 256 448c-106.039 0-192-85.962-192-192z’ fill=’rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.65)’/%3E%3C/svg%3E”);–gf-label-space-y-secondary: var(–gf-label-space-y-md-secondary);–gf-ctrl-border-color: #686e77;–gf-ctrl-size: var(–gf-ctrl-size-md);–gf-ctrl-label-color-primary: #112337;–gf-ctrl-label-color-secondary: #112337;–gf-ctrl-choice-size: var(–gf-ctrl-choice-size-md);–gf-ctrl-checkbox-check-size: var(–gf-ctrl-checkbox-check-size-md);–gf-ctrl-radio-check-size: var(–gf-ctrl-radio-check-size-md);–gf-ctrl-btn-font-size: var(–gf-ctrl-btn-font-size-md);–gf-ctrl-btn-padding-x: var(–gf-ctrl-btn-padding-x-md);–gf-ctrl-btn-size: var(–gf-ctrl-btn-size-md);–gf-ctrl-btn-border-color-secondary: #686e77;–gf-ctrl-file-btn-bg-color-hover: #EBEBEB;–gf-field-pg-steps-number-color: rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.8);}

You are currently logged in, so we’ll automatically record your name and email address. Logout to use this form anonymously.
This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

document.getElementById( “ak_js_1” ).setAttribute( “value”, ( new Date() ).getTime() );

gform.initializeOnLoaded( function() {gformInitSpinner( 22, ‘https://lebtown.com/wp-content/plugins/gravityforms/images/spinner.svg’, true );jQuery(‘#gform_ajax_frame_22’).on(‘load’,function(){var contents = jQuery(this).contents().find(‘*’).html();var is_postback = contents.indexOf(‘GF_AJAX_POSTBACK’) >= 0;if(!is_postback){return;}var form_content = jQuery(this).contents().find(‘#gform_wrapper_22’);var is_confirmation = jQuery(this).contents().find(‘#gform_confirmation_wrapper_22’).length > 0;var is_redirect = contents.indexOf(‘gformRedirect(){‘) >= 0;var is_form = form_content.length > 0 && ! is_redirect && ! is_confirmation;var mt = parseInt(jQuery(‘html’).css(‘margin-top’), 10) + parseInt(jQuery(‘body’).css(‘margin-top’), 10) + 100;if(is_form){form_content.find(‘form’).css(‘opacity’, 0);jQuery(‘#gform_wrapper_22’).html(form_content.html());if(form_content.hasClass(‘gform_validation_error’)){jQuery(‘#gform_wrapper_22’).addClass(‘gform_validation_error’);} else {jQuery(‘#gform_wrapper_22’).removeClass(‘gform_validation_error’);}setTimeout( function() { /* delay the scroll by 50 milliseconds to fix a bug in chrome */ jQuery(document).scrollTop(jQuery(‘#gform_wrapper_22’).offset().top – mt); }, 50 );if(window[‘gformInitDatepicker’]) {gformInitDatepicker();}if(window[‘gformInitPriceFields’]) {gformInitPriceFields();}var current_page = jQuery(‘#gform_source_page_number_22’).val();gformInitSpinner( 22, ‘https://lebtown.com/wp-content/plugins/gravityforms/images/spinner.svg’, true );jQuery(document).trigger(‘gform_page_loaded’, [22, current_page]);window[‘gf_submitting_22’] = false;}else if(!is_redirect){var confirmation_content = jQuery(this).contents().find(‘.GF_AJAX_POSTBACK’).html();if(!confirmation_content){confirmation_content = contents;}jQuery(‘#gform_wrapper_22’).replaceWith(confirmation_content);jQuery(document).scrollTop(jQuery(‘#gf_22’).offset().top – mt);jQuery(document).trigger(‘gform_confirmation_loaded’, [22]);window[‘gf_submitting_22’] = false;wp.a11y.speak(jQuery(‘#gform_confirmation_message_22’).text());}else{jQuery(‘#gform_22’).append(contents);if(window[‘gformRedirect’]) {gformRedirect();}}jQuery(document).trigger(“gform_pre_post_render”, [{ formId: “22”, currentPage: “current_page”, abort: function() { this.preventDefault(); } }]); if (event && event.defaultPrevented) { return; } const gformWrapperDiv = document.getElementById( “gform_wrapper_22” ); if ( gformWrapperDiv ) { const visibilitySpan = document.createElement( “span” ); visibilitySpan.id = “gform_visibility_test_22”; gformWrapperDiv.insertAdjacentElement( “afterend”, visibilitySpan ); } const visibilityTestDiv = document.getElementById( “gform_visibility_test_22” ); let postRenderFired = false; function triggerPostRender() { if ( postRenderFired ) { return; } postRenderFired = true; jQuery( document ).trigger( ‘gform_post_render’, [22, current_page] ); gform.utils.trigger( { event: ‘gform/postRender’, native: false, data: { formId: 22, currentPage: current_page } } ); if ( visibilityTestDiv ) { visibilityTestDiv.parentNode.removeChild( visibilityTestDiv ); } } function debounce( func, wait, immediate ) { var timeout; return function() { var context = this, args = arguments; var later = function() { timeout = null; if ( !immediate ) func.apply( context, args ); }; var callNow = immediate && !timeout; clearTimeout( timeout ); timeout = setTimeout( later, wait ); if ( callNow ) func.apply( context, args ); }; } const debouncedTriggerPostRender = debounce( function() { triggerPostRender(); }, 200 ); if ( visibilityTestDiv && visibilityTestDiv.offsetParent === null ) { const observer = new MutationObserver( ( mutations ) => { mutations.forEach( ( mutation ) => { if ( mutation.type === ‘attributes’ && visibilityTestDiv.offsetParent !== null ) { debouncedTriggerPostRender(); observer.disconnect(); } }); }); observer.observe( document.body, { attributes: true, childList: false, subtree: true, attributeFilter: [ ‘style’, ‘class’ ], }); } else { triggerPostRender(); } } );} ); const turnstileIframe = document.getElementById( ‘gform_ajax_frame_22’ ); if ( turnstileIframe ) { turnstileIframe.addEventListener(‘load’,function(){ setTimeout( function() { const cfWrapper = document.querySelector( ‘.cf-turnstile’ ); if ( ! cfWrapper ) { return; } turnstile.render( ‘.cf-turnstile’ ); }, 0 ); }); }
#gform_wrapper_23[data-form-index=”0″].gform-theme,[data-parent-form=”23_0″]{–gf-color-primary: #204ce5;–gf-color-primary-rgb: 32, 76, 229;–gf-color-primary-contrast: #fff;–gf-color-primary-contrast-rgb: 255, 255, 255;–gf-color-primary-darker: #001AB3;–gf-color-primary-lighter: #527EFF;–gf-color-secondary: #fff;–gf-color-secondary-rgb: 255, 255, 255;–gf-color-secondary-contrast: #112337;–gf-color-secondary-contrast-rgb: 17, 35, 55;–gf-color-secondary-darker: #F5F5F5;–gf-color-secondary-lighter: #FFFFFF;–gf-color-out-ctrl-light: rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.1);–gf-color-out-ctrl-light-rgb: 17, 35, 55;–gf-color-out-ctrl-light-darker: rgba(104, 110, 119, 0.35);–gf-color-out-ctrl-light-lighter: #F5F5F5;–gf-color-out-ctrl-dark: #585e6a;–gf-color-out-ctrl-dark-rgb: 88, 94, 106;–gf-color-out-ctrl-dark-darker: #112337;–gf-color-out-ctrl-dark-lighter: rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.65);–gf-color-in-ctrl: #fff;–gf-color-in-ctrl-rgb: 255, 255, 255;–gf-color-in-ctrl-contrast: #112337;–gf-color-in-ctrl-contrast-rgb: 17, 35, 55;–gf-color-in-ctrl-darker: #F5F5F5;–gf-color-in-ctrl-lighter: #FFFFFF;–gf-color-in-ctrl-primary: #204ce5;–gf-color-in-ctrl-primary-rgb: 32, 76, 229;–gf-color-in-ctrl-primary-contrast: #fff;–gf-color-in-ctrl-primary-contrast-rgb: 255, 255, 255;–gf-color-in-ctrl-primary-darker: #001AB3;–gf-color-in-ctrl-primary-lighter: #527EFF;–gf-color-in-ctrl-light: rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.1);–gf-color-in-ctrl-light-rgb: 17, 35, 55;–gf-color-in-ctrl-light-darker: rgba(104, 110, 119, 0.35);–gf-color-in-ctrl-light-lighter: #F5F5F5;–gf-color-in-ctrl-dark: #585e6a;–gf-color-in-ctrl-dark-rgb: 88, 94, 106;–gf-color-in-ctrl-dark-darker: #112337;–gf-color-in-ctrl-dark-lighter: rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.65);–gf-radius: 3px;–gf-font-size-secondary: 14px;–gf-font-size-tertiary: 13px;–gf-icon-ctrl-number: url(“data:image/svg+xml,%3Csvg width=’8′ height=’14’ viewBox=’0 0 8 14′ fill=’none’ xmlns=’http://www.w3.org/2000/svg’%3E%3Cpath fill-rule=’evenodd’ clip-rule=’evenodd’ d=’M4 0C4.26522 5.96046e-08 4.51957 0.105357 4.70711 0.292893L7.70711 3.29289C8.09763 3.68342 8.09763 4.31658 7.70711 4.70711C7.31658 5.09763 6.68342 5.09763 6.29289 4.70711L4 2.41421L1.70711 4.70711C1.31658 5.09763 0.683417 5.09763 0.292893 4.70711C-0.0976311 4.31658 -0.097631 3.68342 0.292893 3.29289L3.29289 0.292893C3.48043 0.105357 3.73478 0 4 0ZM0.292893 9.29289C0.683417 8.90237 1.31658 8.90237 1.70711 9.29289L4 11.5858L6.29289 9.29289C6.68342 8.90237 7.31658 8.90237 7.70711 9.29289C8.09763 9.68342 8.09763 10.3166 7.70711 10.7071L4.70711 13.7071C4.31658 14.0976 3.68342 14.0976 3.29289 13.7071L0.292893 10.7071C-0.0976311 10.3166 -0.0976311 9.68342 0.292893 9.29289Z’ fill=’rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.65)’/%3E%3C/svg%3E”);–gf-icon-ctrl-select: url(“data:image/svg+xml,%3Csvg width=’10’ height=’6′ viewBox=’0 0 10 6′ fill=’none’ xmlns=’http://www.w3.org/2000/svg’%3E%3Cpath fill-rule=’evenodd’ clip-rule=’evenodd’ d=’M0.292893 0.292893C0.683417 -0.097631 1.31658 -0.097631 1.70711 0.292893L5 3.58579L8.29289 0.292893C8.68342 -0.0976311 9.31658 -0.0976311 9.70711 0.292893C10.0976 0.683417 10.0976 1.31658 9.70711 1.70711L5.70711 5.70711C5.31658 6.09763 4.68342 6.09763 4.29289 5.70711L0.292893 1.70711C-0.0976311 1.31658 -0.0976311 0.683418 0.292893 0.292893Z’ fill=’rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.65)’/%3E%3C/svg%3E”);–gf-icon-ctrl-search: url(“data:image/svg+xml,%3Csvg version=’1.1′ xmlns=’http://www.w3.org/2000/svg’ width=’640′ height=’640’%3E%3Cpath d=’M256 128c-70.692 0-128 57.308-128 128 0 70.691 57.308 128 128 128 70.691 0 128-57.309 128-128 0-70.692-57.309-128-128-128zM64 256c0-106.039 85.961-192 192-192s192 85.961 192 192c0 41.466-13.146 79.863-35.498 111.248l154.125 154.125c12.496 12.496 12.496 32.758 0 45.254s-32.758 12.496-45.254 0L367.248 412.502C335.862 434.854 297.467 448 256 448c-106.039 0-192-85.962-192-192z’ fill=’rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.65)’/%3E%3C/svg%3E”);–gf-label-space-y-secondary: var(–gf-label-space-y-md-secondary);–gf-ctrl-border-color: #686e77;–gf-ctrl-size: var(–gf-ctrl-size-md);–gf-ctrl-label-color-primary: #112337;–gf-ctrl-label-color-secondary: #112337;–gf-ctrl-choice-size: var(–gf-ctrl-choice-size-md);–gf-ctrl-checkbox-check-size: var(–gf-ctrl-checkbox-check-size-md);–gf-ctrl-radio-check-size: var(–gf-ctrl-radio-check-size-md);–gf-ctrl-btn-font-size: var(–gf-ctrl-btn-font-size-md);–gf-ctrl-btn-padding-x: var(–gf-ctrl-btn-padding-x-md);–gf-ctrl-btn-size: var(–gf-ctrl-btn-size-md);–gf-ctrl-btn-border-color-secondary: #686e77;–gf-ctrl-file-btn-bg-color-hover: #EBEBEB;–gf-field-pg-steps-number-color: rgba(17, 35, 55, 0.8);}
One-time Amount(Required)
Select how much you’d like to contribute
Price: $0.00
Price: $0.00

Your name

:root { –link-login-string: “Link login” }

document.getElementById( “ak_js_2” ).setAttribute( “value”, ( new Date() ).getTime() );

gform.initializeOnLoaded( function() {gformInitSpinner( 23, ‘https://lebtown.com/wp-content/plugins/gravityforms/images/spinner.svg’, true );jQuery(‘#gform_ajax_frame_23’).on(‘load’,function(){var contents = jQuery(this).contents().find(‘*’).html();var is_postback = contents.indexOf(‘GF_AJAX_POSTBACK’) >= 0;if(!is_postback){return;}var form_content = jQuery(this).contents().find(‘#gform_wrapper_23’);var is_confirmation = jQuery(this).contents().find(‘#gform_confirmation_wrapper_23’).length > 0;var is_redirect = contents.indexOf(‘gformRedirect(){‘) >= 0;var is_form = form_content.length > 0 && ! is_redirect && ! is_confirmation;var mt = parseInt(jQuery(‘html’).css(‘margin-top’), 10) + parseInt(jQuery(‘body’).css(‘margin-top’), 10) + 100;if(is_form){form_content.find(‘form’).css(‘opacity’, 0);jQuery(‘#gform_wrapper_23’).html(form_content.html());if(form_content.hasClass(‘gform_validation_error’)){jQuery(‘#gform_wrapper_23’).addClass(‘gform_validation_error’);} else {jQuery(‘#gform_wrapper_23’).removeClass(‘gform_validation_error’);}setTimeout( function() { /* delay the scroll by 50 milliseconds to fix a bug in chrome */ jQuery(document).scrollTop(jQuery(‘#gform_wrapper_23’).offset().top – mt); }, 50 );if(window[‘gformInitDatepicker’]) {gformInitDatepicker();}if(window[‘gformInitPriceFields’]) {gformInitPriceFields();}var current_page = jQuery(‘#gform_source_page_number_23’).val();gformInitSpinner( 23, ‘https://lebtown.com/wp-content/plugins/gravityforms/images/spinner.svg’, true );jQuery(document).trigger(‘gform_page_loaded’, [23, current_page]);window[‘gf_submitting_23’] = false;}else if(!is_redirect){var confirmation_content = jQuery(this).contents().find(‘.GF_AJAX_POSTBACK’).html();if(!confirmation_content){confirmation_content = contents;}jQuery(‘#gform_wrapper_23’).replaceWith(confirmation_content);jQuery(document).scrollTop(jQuery(‘#gf_23’).offset().top – mt);jQuery(document).trigger(‘gform_confirmation_loaded’, [23]);window[‘gf_submitting_23’] = false;wp.a11y.speak(jQuery(‘#gform_confirmation_message_23’).text());}else{jQuery(‘#gform_23’).append(contents);if(window[‘gformRedirect’]) {gformRedirect();}}jQuery(document).trigger(“gform_pre_post_render”, [{ formId: “23”, currentPage: “current_page”, abort: function() { this.preventDefault(); } }]); if (event && event.defaultPrevented) { return; } const gformWrapperDiv = document.getElementById( “gform_wrapper_23” ); if ( gformWrapperDiv ) { const visibilitySpan = document.createElement( “span” ); visibilitySpan.id = “gform_visibility_test_23”; gformWrapperDiv.insertAdjacentElement( “afterend”, visibilitySpan ); } const visibilityTestDiv = document.getElementById( “gform_visibility_test_23” ); let postRenderFired = false; function triggerPostRender() { if ( postRenderFired ) { return; } postRenderFired = true; jQuery( document ).trigger( ‘gform_post_render’, [23, current_page] ); gform.utils.trigger( { event: ‘gform/postRender’, native: false, data: { formId: 23, currentPage: current_page } } ); if ( visibilityTestDiv ) { visibilityTestDiv.parentNode.removeChild( visibilityTestDiv ); } } function debounce( func, wait, immediate ) { var timeout; return function() { var context = this, args = arguments; var later = function() { timeout = null; if ( !immediate ) func.apply( context, args ); }; var callNow = immediate && !timeout; clearTimeout( timeout ); timeout = setTimeout( later, wait ); if ( callNow ) func.apply( context, args ); }; } const debouncedTriggerPostRender = debounce( function() { triggerPostRender(); }, 200 ); if ( visibilityTestDiv && visibilityTestDiv.offsetParent === null ) { const observer = new MutationObserver( ( mutations ) => { mutations.forEach( ( mutation ) => { if ( mutation.type === ‘attributes’ && visibilityTestDiv.offsetParent !== null ) { debouncedTriggerPostRender(); observer.disconnect(); } }); }); observer.observe( document.body, { attributes: true, childList: false, subtree: true, attributeFilter: [ ‘style’, ‘class’ ], }); } else { triggerPostRender(); } } );} ); const turnstileIframe = document.getElementById( ‘gform_ajax_frame_23’ ); if ( turnstileIframe ) { turnstileIframe.addEventListener(‘load’,function(){ setTimeout( function() { const cfWrapper = document.querySelector( ‘.cf-turnstile’ ); if ( ! cfWrapper ) { return; } turnstile.render( ‘.cf-turnstile’ ); }, 0 ); }); }

Something went wrong. Please refresh the page and/or try again.

Paula Wolf worked for 31 years as a general assignment reporter, sports columnist, and editorial writer for LNP Media. A graduate of Franklin & Marshall College, she is a lifetime resident of Lancaster County.

Comments

LebTown membership required to comment.

Already a member? Login here

Leave a comment

Your email address will be kept private.